How to setup your new Garmin | Top Tips, Hacks & Tricks for new Garmin GPS owners

Garmin Edge 1030 Plus Review Specs ComparisonHack your new Garmin Watch or Bike Computer

This is an overview of the best settings to use in workouts on your new Garmin Forerunner triathlon/running watch or on your new Garmin Edge bike computer.

Let’s assume you have successfully paired your Garmin to the Garmin Connect app for the first time and that you’ve familiarised yourself with what each of the buttons do – you’re good to go…almost.

Using your Garmin on Day 1: Let’s start off with some insights into the most useful settings to get you quickly going in the right direction.

Note: User Level – Newbie

Keep the End Goal in Sight

You are using your watch for several purposes. That includes simply enjoying and pacing your workout but it also includes recording data for the purposes of social sharing. Don’t overlook that Garmin also needs you to collect accurate data so that its wellness and readiness metrics have a chance of working.

  • Heart rate data -this is important for you to help you pace your efforts. However, it is VITAL to record this for Garmin’s physiology features. Furthermore, if you want the readiness features to work you will have to wear your Garmin overnight for about 5 nights a week.
  • GPS data – don’t get too worried about the accuracy of this. Low-level accuracy is fine for Strava. You only need accurate GPS for precise pacing on flat surfaces and precise distance measurement.
  • This information is always stored even if you are not showing it on the watch.


Garmin fenix 6 review specifications
4 simple metrics on one Garmin Watch Page

Data Fields & Sport Profiles

You use a different sports profile for each sport be that ultra running or for track running and perhaps a bike profile for your MTB and another for your road bike. Each sports profile consists of one or more pages of information which can range from single number metrics to graphs, dials and route maps.

Garmin provides numerous sports profiles already pre-configured for you. You can customise each one with the screens and metrics of your choice. These will end up being highly personal to your specific needs. It doesn’t really matter if you use a trail running profile for road running but it does matter if you use a bike profile for running as that will confuse the feedback Garmin later gives you.

For today, my suggestion would be to keep things simple and start out with the following metrics on just one profile.

  1. Total elapsed time or distance, whichever is your thing. It gives you some sense of how long you’ve been out and perhaps how long it might be before you need to head back home.
  2. Instant Speed/Pace: Most runners will eventually find it best to work on pace rather than speed ie the time taken to do a km or mile. Thus 4:00/km is the pace required to do a 20-minute 5k (15km/h, 9mph). On the other hand, cyclists will prefer speed in mph or km/h probably because higher cycling speeds above 15mph can be better comprehended compared to the speeds you might drive your car at.
  3. Instant Effort: Effort & speed are different. It’s good to know how hard you are trying.  For starters, heart rate is perhaps a better indicator of what’s going on inside your body than speed/pace.
  4. Technique: Understanding your current cadence helps you get those low-hanging fruits of improved technique. Broadly speaking your running cadence/footfall should be over 170 per minute and your cycling cadence comparable, at around 85rpm (2x 85=170). The optimal is usually said to be slightly higher than both of those numbers (180/90) but if you are currently at a lower level you should work to progressively change your technique over time rather than aiming for a super-high increase now. My running cadence is 180-190 and my bike cadence is 85-95 though it can go up to 120 (or higher when performing drills)

Garmin Forerunner 745

So that’s your 4 metrics for one screen of a running watch. More recent Garmin Fenix watches can support 6 metrics/screen and a bigger bike computer can show significantly more.

I would suggest that you just use the raw number for now and don’t get involved in HR zones or speed/pace zones as you normally need a test to establish personalised zones. That’s a job for next week. Once you have done those tests there are some quite pretty charts and dials you can display, if that’s your thing, or you can add alerts to notify you if you stray from target zones. Maybe that’s a job for the week after next!

Better and more advanced metrics require a power meter both for your bike and for running (Stryd). If you are contemplating either of those then you have already figured out that this guide is too newbie-focussed for you 😉 That said, 3-second or 5-second power averages are perhaps the ultimate proxies for your true instantaneous effort levels. Power meters start at £200, let’s hope your birthday is soon.



You’ve already realised that the screen I just suggested to you is very much ‘of the moment’ ie for what’s happening to you NOW. Garmin also has special autolap screens which periodically appear. I would suggest for a watch that you set the autolap as 1km or 1mile. For a bike, I would suggest 10-minutes or 5 km.

Lap stats give you an indication of changes to your performance over time and provide handy ways to review your effort afterwards.

Completed laps appear as summaries on your Garmin during the workout AND ALSO in your post-workout stats. Thus, when you complete 1km, a temporary screen pops up on your watch and gives you the time it took for that 1km lap. The same 1km lap will appear afterwards in your stats. You can customise the appearance of the Autolap screen on a Garmin Edge bike computer or Forerunner/Fenix watch. The lap averages that you choose can indicate if you need to speed up or slow down to meet a pre-determined target.

If you happen to be doing laps of the park or intervals then you can manually press ‘lap’ on a Garmin and that simultaneously ends the active Autolap. You would do this to make the laps coincide with a change in effort or correspond to a ‘geographic lap’ of some sort.

The next more advanced use of laps would be where you display a combination of a ‘lap average’ with an instantaneous reading on one of the screens you show during workouts. For example, LAP PACE and INSTANT PACE are both needed for you to determine if you need to speed up or slow down to hit a certain target (think about it!). You could have both of these simultaneously displayed on a watch or bike screen. However, from my experience, people tend to have separate pages for lap metrics and instant metrics. The great thing with a Garmin is that you use a button to switch between these screens when you are tired and sweaty…Apple Watch users will find it hard to use their touchscreen for the same purpose but have recently introduced hand gestures that control the watch.

Garmin Edge 1030 Plus Review Specs Comparison
Garmin Edge 1030 Plus – Strava Live Segment with a custom CIQ data field called Bioshift


You don’t need a Strava account but they’re free and most people who run/bike have one these days. It can sometimes be fun to compare stats with friends, so why not sign up today? You can send stuff TO Strava for free but to download LIVE SEGMENTS to your Garmin you will need a Strava subscription.

Strava also uses a cool conept called Relative Effort, which helps you understand how hard you are trying compared to your previous workouts or to other people in your group.

Linking up your Garmin to Strava via the smartphone app is super-easy and the pairing process you’ve already gone through should have prompted you to do that. Now, all your completed workouts will be sent to Strava for you to share with your friends. Strava also has privacy zones and it’s important to make sure you have those set up to disguise your places of residence and work.

If you are already a paying Strava subscriber, once you connect your Garmin, you should have all your favourite segments and routes/courses copied TO your Garmin if your Garmin supports that. Your Garmin can then guide your performances over those segments and routes.

Garmin fenix 6 review specifications
Here comes the hill

Some of the more advanced watches/bike computers have ClimbPro. This is a cool, hill-based feature that guides you up specific hills with all the hill-specific info you could want such as metres-to-go or average gradient-to-go.

Garmin Edge 130 Plus
Existing VO2max

Physiology & Activity, Sleep, VO2max and more

Most physiology features take a while to kick in and require you to have performed several workouts and worn the watch for several nights of sleep.

All you can really do right now is tell Garmin your usual sleep/wake times (as it will otherwise guess incorrectly) and then forget about it for a week or so until Garmin has properly assessed you. There are a large number of physiological insights and activity-related insights that Garmin shows over time.

There are also some interesting and market-leading menstrual cycle tracking features for those who need them.

Heads Up: I did some extensive testing of how my Garmin automatically built the correct training zones and default training parameters. It got them wrong and that had the knock-on effect of producing patently wrong physiological insights. I would strongly recommend that you try to correct that later by setting up your correct heart rate zones. ‘Simply’ perform a maximal 30-minute effort for running and cycling and the average heart rate for the last 20 minutes is your lactate threshold heart rate (LTHR, LT2). Use that value in Garmin Connect to set your zones. It’s the same test for power zones except you use the entire 30-minute average.

Garmin HRV – What should my Garmin HRV be? – LARGE Lifelines Cohort Study [Science]

Special Sensor Settings

Here are the recommended GPS settings that either give you maximum accuracy or maximum battery life.

Q: Do you want an accurate picture of where you have been and a sufficiently accurate total distance?

A: If so then use the GPS-only setting to save battery (I used to do this for years…it’s fine)

Q: Do you want to see live accurate running pace?

A: If so then use SatIQ (I do) or, if you don’t have that option, use the ALL SATELLITES mode which includes GALILEO.

Q: Do you often run through trees, near mountains and in city centres?

A: If so then use SatIQ (I do)

Q: What’s my elevation?

A: Do this: go to and determine the exact elevation of your house. Perform a manual calibration when standing outside your front door as if you were to start a workout. From now on Garmin will always get the initial calibration right for every workout started from home.

Garmin Fenix 7 & Epix 2 – Tricks, Tips and ‘Well I never knew that’ stuff

Blood Oxygen/SpO2 and EKG/ECG – unless you know what these are you almost certainly won’t need them. Just turn them off and make your battery last longer (I do).

Many Garmin watches use HRV insights derived from your HR. Now, that IS worth tracking even if you don’t know what it means. If you keep 24x7HR monitoring enabled then Garmin will, over time, build up some insightful stats for how your body reacts to your lifestyle. Let’s leave it at that for now, as this topic gets very sciencey, very quickly. An interesting one to check out today would be body battery which lets you see how your body’s energy is depleted and replenished throughout the day. In a few weeks, you will also find that Garmin produces more HRV insights in your Morning Report.

Note: there is a super-special setting to log HRV during workouts…you do NOT need to enable that, just leave that one alone. (If you do want to enable it then go for it and also create an account with AI Endurance, that platform will use HRV from your workout to give some interesting, state-of-the-art AI insights into your body)

If you are concerned about battery life then some Garmin devices have power profiles that can help you save juice. Failing that, it’s good to know that GNSS (GPS, GLONASS, GALILEO) the optical heart rate sensors, music playback and the screen backlight are perhaps the biggest battery-eaters. So if your battery goes flat on Day 1 then you’ve probably had those on WAY too much. Garmin DOES have notably superior battery lives to those on Fitbit/Google/Apple watches so it really is a case of getting those settings just right for your usage. Tip: Use GPS-only, set the backlight to turn off after 15ish seconds and turn off SpO2, which solves most battery problems.

Garmin Coach - adaptiveTraining Plans

Many of you will want guidance in your exercises

Most of us don’t want to waste time doing the wrong kinds of exercise or risk injury. That applies to newbies and pros alike.

Unless you know what you’re doing, it really is best to follow a plan. You can pay for plans if you want to but most of you will benefit from the free Garmin Training Plans. Runners should check out Garmin Coach, which will be in your Connect app (or online as shown above) and there you can choose free adaptive plans to support you toward common race distances. These cover running abilities up to around 23 mins/5km, so that’s the majority of runners covered. Tip: ‘Adaptive plans’ mean that you can follow them one day and not the next day, the plan knows what you’ve missed and adjusts accordingly on a subsequent day.

5k Training Plan | Sub 19, 20, 21, 24 | running parkrun

More advanced athletes will be able to synchronize workouts from their 3rd party training platforms directly onto the watch’s calendar. This should be a 100% seamless process and the workout for today should just magically appear on your watch or bike computer and you should be automatically prompted to do today’s workout.

All workouts should provide differing degrees of guidance as you execute them ranging from simple alerts (slow down! speed up!) to voice guidance with earbuds.

Tip: Garmin Coach and Garmin Daily Workout Suggestions are two different things. Both are good and the latter is great at simply telling you what the optimal workout for you today might be based on your recent performances. That is good for ALL levels of athletes who are not following a plan.


Garmin Forerunner 745Garmin Apps

Garmin CIQ = Connect IQ = Garmin app store

The term ‘app’ is confusing in Garminland. A Garmin CIQ app is a specific kind of sports functionality in the Garmin ecosystem. CIQ also has WIDGETS and DATA FIELDS which most people would also think are apps. So there are 3 kinds of Garmin ‘apps’ plus watch faces. #Confusing

A great watch face to play with today is CRYSTAL, shown in the image above. It looks quite nice and has many configurable elements on it that will give you something to play with for half an hour or so. To do that first download the Connect IQ store app…that’s a different app to Garmin Connect #PerhapsConfusing. You could also download the watch face from the same place by using Garmin Express on your PC…#AlsoConfusing.

Your Garmin watch or bike computer is probably already complicated enough as it is. Perhaps leave adding an app until later unless there a some VERY specific feature you want. If Santa has bought you something to go with your Garmin like a bike power meter or Stryd then that sensor might require you to use a specific CIQ app.

Here are some of the best Garmin CIQ apps, although they are probably all fairly advanced. There are many more and, unlike those on the Apple Watch they are mostly free.

Once you’ve downloaded your ‘app’ here’s broadly how you use it. Usage varies between Garmin devices so I can’t generalise too much or too usefully for you :-(. But try this

  • Tip: You start a Garmin APP as if it is a new sports profile. It takes over the entire device.
  • Tip: You add WIDGETS to the watch menu that is accessed by the buttons usually on the left-hand side
  • Tip: You find CIQ Data Fields in their grouping of metrics when you add them to a screen and there is a limit of 2 on Forerunners/Fenix and 10 on Edge devices.

My Favourite Features & Settings

I’ve used Garmin devices for many years. Strangely the more I use them the more many of my daily usages come back to the simple settings I’ve covered above!

I use these right now (but frequently change)

  • STRYD Running Power Meter and the STRYD Zones data field
  • I use the super-accurate instant pace that comes from a running pod, like STRYD.
  • I use the Lumen Fat/Carb widget to see how much fat I’m burning.
  • I rarely use any Garmin apps (true Gramin apps or Garmin widgets, I mostly use data fields)
  • I use instant heart rate from my Garmin HRM-PRO chest strap. I don’t use optical HR, except when pool swimming and a Garmin HRM-PRO when lake swimming.
  • I do not use the fancy Garmin gait metrics like Vertical Oscillation and Ground Connect Time. I don’t need to look at cadence as I can accurately feel it.
  • I use 1KM autolaps
  • I don’t really use alerts with Garmin but do with other vendors’ products
  • I periodically use STRAVA Live Segments for motivation
  • I automatically sync courses from RideWith GPS, Garmin, Strava and Komoot
  • I occasionally sync structured workouts from Training Peaks to my Garmin.
  • I have a weird indoor swim machine which I use with a secondary power data field as well as a muscle oxygen sensor (that’s NOT the same as blood oxygen) as well as Supersapiens (which is a blood glucose sensor…kinda)
  • I mostly use an Apple Watch 6 for 24×7 lifestyle things, including sleep and recovery, and then a sports-specific device for running, cycling, swimming, and triathlon (Forerunner 965)
  • I use Di2 on my Cervelo R5 with a semi-synchro shift. Occasionally I use special Di2 data fields to graphically show me what gear I’m in. Sometimes I look at the gears instead 😉
  • I use Garmin Varia Radar (you should get one, it is THE BEST safety device for cycling and 100% recommended). This gives you special displays and sounds on many Garmins when cycling, even watches.
  • I use a bike power meter either Shimano R9100p, Favero Assioma or Stages Gen3. I just look at the 3s average power or lap normalised power and rarely any of the fancy cycling dynamics metrics.
  • I enjoy the FORM swim goggles and their live head-up display when lake swimming.
  • I have a really clever app-controlled physio machine that makes post-workout recommendations based on what my Garmin recorded. Cool…but probably a gadget too far! It’s called PowerDot.
  • Garmin Connect is now good for post-workout insights and better than vanilla-STRAVA. Stick with Garmin Connect for now. I tend to use other more complex platforms for sports data analysis like Xert, and Golden Cheetah.
  • parkrun – for weekly, UK parkrunners you can get your barcode on your Garmin here and get interesting stats of new courses if you are a parkrun tourist.

[2023] Add parkrun barcode to Apple Watch or Garmin Forerunner/Fenix

What to buy next 😉


Please feel free to add your own suggestions below or to ask questions.




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4 thoughts on “How to setup your new Garmin | Top Tips, Hacks & Tricks for new Garmin GPS owners

  1. Nice guide! Thanks for sharing. One thing I believe Garmin is missing is the synchronization of garmin devices while performing a workout. It’s stupid to get abnormal high hr notification, or even counting steps while you are cycling on an edge computer with an HRM Pro Plus chest strap.

    Wish all community a happy new year

    One question though @tfk, @the5krunner: where is this super special setting g to log HRV during workout? I cannot find it neither on the Epix Pro nor Edge 530.

    1. it varies. but it is a system setting rather than a sport profile setting. the SMART recording vs per second recording might be in a similar place

      Menu > System > Data recording > Log HRV.
      Settings > Physiological Metrics > Log HRV.

  2. These are some great tips here!

    Curious as to why you use your apple watch for daily/lifestyle wear and a sports watch for sports specific things. Do you find the extra smartwatch features a lot more usefull? I hate when I have my health and sports metrics split up into diffrent places so thats a no go for me.

    1. it’s more the smart things on the apple watch. things like FindMy, payments and Homekit control. i’m pretty fit from my sportrs so less interested in health metrics. that said, i use another repository for waking HRV (which is health, I suppose) with hrv4training which i dont sync back to apple health but i do show 24×7 HRV with TrainingToday on the apple watch but that data is fun and meaningless.

      tbh, the apple watch is fine for most basic sports uses but, like you, i ‘collect’ my data so i keep a full garmin record in one place, admittedly with duplicates from multiple devices.

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