FTP – Over 100 ways for cyclists to improve FTP in less than a week. 100 ?…yep!

Image: MySport

100 Ways to boost your FTP Result WITHIN A WEEK

For seasoned cyclists who understand power training, the title may seem silly, but for competitive newcomers seeking FTP bragging rights, it likely drew them in.

Firstly, it’s important to note that your FTP is what it is, and there is little you can do in the coming week to increase it. However, the FTP test you perform will likely be sub-maximal for various reasons. Therefore, this post aims to minimize those limiters.

Q: Are some of the suggestions a bit ridiculous?

A: Yes, some are. However, some are worthwhile. You can take them or leave them, or even just be entertained by them.

All suggestions are marked with an asterisk (*).

All the suggestions are starred:

  • ⭐⭐⭐3x stars. IMHO it will work
  • ⭐⭐ 2x stars. It might work
  • ⭐1x star. Can’t hurt
  • ❌ 1x cross. It CAN hurt if done wrong.

FTP – VERY Quick Newbie Background

FTP is, kinda, the maximum power you can sustain for an hour and it is often estimated from a 20-minute maximal test on a turbo trainer, there are other protocols.

FTP = average 20 minute watts * 0.95 OR FTP = average 30 minutes watts * 1.00

Many of the training apps use modelling to get EXCELLENT estimates of your FTP from your performances over durations other than 20 minutes.


WAHOO KICKR3 new KICKR v3 2017 detailed review
decent kit gives decent pacing and accuracy

Position, Mechanicals & Wearable Kit for an FTP test

Here we are mostly talking about measuring more accurately, measuring more favourably and minimising drive train losses for a stationary smart trainer.

  1. ⭐⭐⭐ Use a power meter based somewhere before the power you produce goes into your chain. Friction in your chain & in the rear mech could consume a few watts of power. So, power meter pedals or power meter cranks are cool but a hub power meter or smart trainer might display slightly less power than you are really producing.
  2. ⭐⭐⭐ If you are using a smart trainer then maybe a new chain or a 12-speed chain for your 11-speed cassette might save you a watt or so.
  3. ⭐⭐⭐ As might a good clean and oil of your chain
  4. ⭐⭐ Maybe also get one of those Ceramic Speed derailleurs. Just touch them and they spin for an hour #NoFriction.
  5. ⭐ I sometimes put a dab of oil on my pedals where they butt up to the cleats. It’s more to aid any natural twist rather than reduce friction per se (ie injury & discomfort minimisation). I also find that tri shoes help me here too for the same reason.
  6. ⭐❌ I would be very surprised if changing crank lengths or shoes or insoles would make any positive difference in such a short period of time. Indeed new stuff may well injure you or subtly use muscles in a new (untrained) way.
  7. ⭐❌❌❌ I have read elsewhere that the next size up in your cranks will help. I’d never try that. In fact, shorter cranks made me more comfortable and faster. This tells you your optimal crank length: https://bikedynamics.co.uk/FitGuidecranks.htm
  8. ⭐⭐ Having said all of that a decent pair of bike shoes will be better than a rubbish pair. A stiff carbon-soled shoe WILL help you transmit more power, like these top-end Shimano RC9‘s that I use.
  9. ⭐⭐⭐ A fan…or two. You absolutely definitely want to be cool, it will help your heart to focus on pumping that oxygen around rather than worrying about cooling you down. (the physiology is a bit more complex than that but the bottom line is USE A FAN)
  10. ⭐⭐ A race-like scenario will also apparently push many people to a better result than on a turbo trainer. It is hard to find an uninterrupted 20-minute stretch of road so, instead, invite a mate around with a spare turbo.
  11. ⭐⭐ If you live near long hills you may well also be able to achieve higher power levels going uphill if such activity usually forms part of your training. But the point really should be that you do the test in non-competitive,  controlled and repeatable conditions.
  12. ⭐ By the same token, something like KICKR CLIMB or a few encyclopediae under your front wheel might help too.
  13. ⭐ Some means of dabbing away that sweat to avoid any discomfort. A 1970’s, Macenroe-esque headband is recommended.
  14. ⭐ You want bits of kit that make you comfortable and the sort of thing you would normally use like padded shorts.
  15. Compression gear might help. Full-length leggings MAY stop your muscles wobbling and so you either waste less energy or use your muscles better.  Speaking with MOXY, they are pretty sure that compression gear does something positive to muscle oxygen.
  16. ⭐❌ A bike fit might help. If the required changes are very small then that might help you be a little bit better but if your cycling position was fundamentally wrong then a) don’t do an FTP test just yet and b) you won’t be adapted to the new position.
  17. ⭐⭐⭐ Almost certainly a normal, yet upright, position will produce more power than an aero-like position, the differences could be notable. But there is little point in getting an artificially high FTP if you can’t train effectively in aero in the zones it produces.
  18. ⭐❌❌ Insoles. For a variety of muscular/skeletal reasons, many of us have one leg longer than the other or maybe some form of twist in the bones of the foot. Stretching and strength work won’t change your underlying anatomy much in a week. BUT if one leg is a few mm shorter than the other an extra insole will balance your legs and might give you a bit more power. Or it might distract you from the balance you have already got used to. But you should find out if your leg lengths are different as this may also eventually lead to injuries. You should also check your foot is applying power evenly over the with of the pedal spindle – sadly, some bike fits may not even cover those points.
  19. ⭐ Ceramic bearings in your BB. I’ve got some of these…very smooth. Do I lose less power with them? Probably a wee bit. I can’t tell though.
  20. ❌ Oval/elliptical chainring. These potentially eliminate dead spots and let you spend a greater proportion of each rotation in the power phase of the stroke. They may also help on a TT bike when in a more restricted position. However, they change how your muscles are recruited and so you would probably need to adapt to ovals by training with them for several hundred miles. Also, consider that several power meters are still not oval chainring compatible because they do not take sufficient readings throughout the pedal stroke to enable the correct maths to be done. If you are measuring power from a smart trainer then ovals should not affect the accuracy of the results. In my experience, if you are using ovals with a power meter that does NOT support them, your power levels will be INflated (ie recorded incorrectly…don’t do that you might as well just make up your FTP number)
  21. ⭐Choose a gearing that gives you a straight chain line. That will waste less power and, hopefully, make less distracting noise too. I find I perform better in the big ring…I don’t know why. Someone might argue that the big ring is mechanically more efficient but I’m not convinced that, in itself, makes a material difference.
Wahoo KICKR Bike Specs Review Availability, Price
pick a crank length, any crank length.

Gadgets for a new FTP

‘Sports gadgets’ just really mean a bike computer, heart rate monitors, power meter, cadence sensor and maybe even a muscle oxygen sensor. They are of some general use even to good cyclists but also provide other abilities with a sanity check or provide some reassurance that you are performing as you planned.

  1. ⭐⭐⭐ Use a smart trainer to control the watts – if you are using a cheaper trainer you may well be manually controlling resistance and that resistance level may subtly change, for example as your tyre warms up. A decent smart trainer will effectively ‘automate’ power/resistance control.
  2. ⭐⭐⭐ Use an accurate smart bike/trainer or power meter. 99% inaccuracy is what you should be looking for
  3. ⭐⭐ Unless you are a good cyclist, you will not know your exact power output at any given moment. A half-decent power meter will accurately give you that information and help your FTP test pacing.
  4. ⭐⭐But a power meter will give you INcorrect readings if not properly calibrated, so make sure you do that (I know, you knew that…it’s a list). Some smart trainers require a calibration after 20 or so minutes of use and some trainers may also allow a special ‘factory calibration’. Make sure you have done the calibration properly and after your warmup.
  5. ⭐A cadence sensor might already be a part of your smart trainer or power meter, if not buy a cadence sensor. Dialling in the ‘right’ cadence is important but you have to be able to measure it first of all. We will re-visit cadence levels in a minute but really you need to have been using one for a while to ascertain your optimal cadence levels for any given power output.
  6. ⭐⭐Most decent bike computers can be used to have alerts to help your efforts stay within pre-planned limits. Or you could just look at the number on your handlebar as you sweat all over it. If you are using a preset power you could set the alert to go off if your cadence is too high/low.
  7. ⭐ Most people need to perform an FTP test above their lactate threshold (LT2, AnT). If you are planning to consider your HR during your test you might also want to know what heart rate your threshold power corresponds to. You might even want to use HR to help regulate your efforts.  But take into account the effect of caffeine supplementation which will probably make your HR around 5bpm higher (varies). After 5 minutes, or so, of hard effort your heart rate should be up to and above your threshold heart rate. You can use a gadget to monitor your HR. eg Garmin HRM-DUAL should work with just about any app or bike computer.
  8. ❌ Humon Hex/Moxy/Train.Red FYER: Heart rate is affected by many factors that alter its reliability as a pacing tool. Another approach is to use a muscle oxygen sensor like Humon HEX to determine if you are performing at your race limit. I have used my Hex for a few FTP tests and, surprisingly, I don’t find them useful to help pacing in the FTP test itself. There seem to be notable enough variations in the numbers from one test to the next or from one wearing position to the next and, whilst it’s great that Hex has colour-coded zones, I tend to do much of the test in ‘red’ ie it can’t prescribe a muscle oxygen percentage to aim for.  Maybe if I got the wear position just right time after time then I could target a specific %age level. Maybe…I haven’t been able to do that yet.
  9. ⭐❌ Thermometer: It might be useful to have an optimal ambient temperature in your pain cave but it will be hard to measure the true effective external temperature if you are using a fan
  10. ⭐❌❌❌ Core Body Thermometer: You might also want to measure your body temperature to see if you are overheating. You might also be able to stick a thermometer in places where thermometers weren’t meant to be stuck in order to monitor your CORE temperature, however, you might then find pedalling a little tricky. I like a challenge, but…not that one. Core temperature can now (2023) be determined reasonably accurately from algorithms based on skin temperature and heart rate tracks.
  11. ⭐❌ If you have a single-side pedal power meter or single-sided crank power meter then you may well be FTP testing on your weaker side or over-estimating your overall power if you are testing your stronger side. Don’t worry, your results will probably be consistent from one test to the next but be mindful that one of the drawbacks with single-sided PMs is that, over time, you might start to subconsciously favour one side leading to the development of a power imbalance.
  12. ⭐⭐ Interestingly, that pesky science stuff shows that a bike display of power can increase your motivation and boost your performance by 3% (three!). Apparently, even your RPE can be motivationally kept lower by gadgets
  13. ⭐⭐ Further trick yourself by somehow making your display device read lower, there is some science here too that this can motivate some people to even greater heights.
Shimano Ultegra 11 speed chain
Yep, this 11spd chain will also work on a 10-speed cassette and it will save you a watt. Similarly, a 12s chain works on 11s and 10s or at least a DuraAce one does

Training, Tapering & Warmup for an FTP PB / PR

This section is probably the most important. If you train hard for 6 days and test on the 7th day, I reckon many of you will be MANY watts below your best than if you had instead followed a good taper. Tapering is the art of maintaining fitness whilst reducing fatigue.

  1. ⭐⭐⭐❌  Here is a power-based warmup that WILL work if you follow it exactly, perhaps add a further 5-10 minutes of spinning at the end of it and before your test. Get your muscles pumped up and your aerobic energy systems up and running.
  2. ⭐⭐⭐ Sleep. Your body does all the repair and improvement overnight. Sleep LOTS. Want some Human Growth Hormone? You could take it illegally…or just sleep instead. I’d do the latter.
  3. ⭐❌ sleeping tablets are muscle relaxants. I’m really not so sure that you want to have these the night before a morning test. (IDK for sure. See this, which says otherwise)
  4. ⭐⭐❌ Novices: Don’t train AT ALL!! A 3-day abstention (taper) should suffice for novice cyclists i.e. do nothing for 3 days. More serious cyclists will benefit from activity during a taper and will also not want to taper for a week or abstain for 3 days, thus some other recovery strategy is needed. If you are a triathlete it’s likely that your training plan has numerous times when there is a 2-3 day period of no cycling – so all you have to do is skip one of the run sessions in that 2-3 day window – having said that, your plan or coach should already have included adequate resting time for testing days.
  5. ⭐❌ So you plan to do the 3-day do-nothing taper mentioned earlier? If you’re not so supple then on the first of those days set aside 30-45 minutes for an intense stretch session, stretching everything on your legs and core as much and as far as you can without doing yourself an injury. Be aware of how far you stretch and this should feel like a workout in itself. 2 days to recover. On your test day, do a quicker, easier stretch and include the warmup I’ve just included.
  6. ⭐⭐⭐❌ Look at ‘proper’ tapers if you are of a reasonable standard and if you are REALLY keen to get that maximal FTP level you might find that short bits of speedwork leading up to the test will help you stay fresh but don’t get it wrong, overcooking your effort and undercooking your efforts are both potentially bad. Even if you are following a ‘proper’, prescribed taper there is no one taper that best suits everyone. Scientists say that a proper one-week taper will make a RUNNER go 22% faster than a 1-week total abstinence taper. That’s a lot but is it true? Although note that in ‘proper’ tapers not much is done in the last 3 days so the 3-day abstinence taper is easiest to follow for very minimal performance opportunity loss.
  7. ⭐⭐⭐ Do a proper taper appropriate to your CURRENT level of fitness/fatigue. A generic taper might not be best for you RIGHT NOW. Look at TSB (CTL and ATL) on numerous products eg the most accessible is STRAVISTIX/ELEVATE for STRAVA
  8. ⭐⭐❌ Light sports massages are supposed to help. Personally, I would NOT do a test day sports massage unless very light for warming-up purposes. I’d just warm up, as above.
  9. ⭐⭐❌ Massage Alternative: I use my powerdot to aid recovery. Helpfully it has a ‘recovery’ mode so  I use it! It’s basically a hands-free massage device that’s considerably cheaper than paying someone to massage you.
  10. ⭐⭐Have a more in-depth sports massage 2-3 days prior to the test, this might free up knotted muscle tissue and hence reduces internal tension/friction, increase your range of movement slightly and provide other benefits too. But remember lots of “slightly” is what we are looking for to see that FTP edge higher. Personally, I would have a sports massage on Monday or Tuesday prior to a Saturday test.
  11. ⭐⭐ Look at readiness-to-train/race software like the HRV4Training, or Elite HRV apps. Use that to limit what you do on the days leading up to your race. But do NOT use on the day of the test in case the reading comes out adversely, that will put you off your performance in the test.
  12. ⭐ Have a nice, warm test-day shower. Get the blood flowing, especially if you are not a ‘morning person’.
  13. ⭐⭐ It takes your body about 10 minutes to fully start the process of converting fat to energy. Finish your warm-up 10 minutes before you start.

Pacing your FTP Test – Target Selection

Most of you will hopefully be able to dial in a target wattage to your smart trainer. But what should the target be? And then how do you execute it both in terms of cadence and power?

This chart shows changes to modelled FTP (yellow line) using XERT. The circles show breakthrough achievements and the last circle is an FTP test on that day where the modelled FTP was slightly over-achieved by the test result itself. The blue/green line indicates FORM and the test was performed when FORM was good but not optimal (shown as blue, not the ideal green).

This model was pretty much spot-on. Even if the test was performed later or earlier in the week the modelled FTP would have adjusted to a slightly different value based on load/fatigue states. But even at the end of this test, the result was like that from many other FTP tests we’ve all done; with just that little bit more effort, it could have been 1% or 2% or 3% higher and, in the case above, that probably translated to 5w….quite a lot. Why didn’t the model predict that? Well, the model is only as good as the inputs and the execution is only as good as the athlete. So the previous breakthrough sessions used in the model were probably not maximal nor was the athlete’s effort.

But the point here is that even if you have NEVER previously done an FTP test if you stick your recent training history into a model like Xert (there are several others) then it WILL churn out a half-decent modelled FTP for you as your initial target for the test.

  1. ⭐⭐⭐ Get your target FTP correct. Do the maths if you are doing the 20-minute test. 20 minutes power is absolutely NOT your FTP (and I know a few of you think it is).
  2. ⭐⭐⭐ Get your target FTP correct. If you are testing regularly (6-weekly) then you can aim for a bit higher than last time as you have probably had a nice block of training since then. Again, the Xert model and other similar models would give you an idea of their opinion of the progress in your FTP, if they think it’s gone up a lot then factor that into any judgement you make.
  3. ⭐⭐⭐ Get your target FTP correct. You probably won’t be too sure what to aim for, if so, start out liberally rather than aiming to hold an unrealistic level for the last 10 minutes.
  4. ⭐⭐⭐ Aim for constant power. Trust the modelled value and know that you are fresh enough and able enough to do that power. Believe that you will do it. Then just do it. When it hurts a lot keep going AT THAT LEVEL. When it hurts more, again KEEP GOING at that pace. Really, you can do it. It’s not easy, but you can do it. If you slack you won’t do it. There are always plenty of excuses, don’t get yourself in a position where you have to make them.” That’s basically what my mindset is on the days when I perform. Once I, and probably you, lose that belief or determination or concentration then it is very difficult to continue a maximal effort. Even if you lose focus between 10-15 minutes into the test, it is hard to gain all those lost watts back in the final 5 minutes as even that last 1-minute sprint where you up the watts by 20w, does not change the average wattage much at all (+1w in fact!). You get to the end and suddenly you are 5w below your previous FTP level when you could have done much better.
  5. ⭐ Constantly monitor how you are feeling. Look at your HR and look at your cadence (I’m assuming your power is fixed). Especially at 5 or 10 minutes into the test, re-evaluate if you think you have the right target. Change the target if you need to. Although it hurts at the halfway mark, it’s MUCH easier to do 3w more for the last 10 minutes than 6w more for the last 5 minutes – both will have the exact same effect on your average if my maths is right
  6. ❌ An ideal, trained cadence for many cyclists would probably be in the 90s. But that is irrelevant to you for this test. If you perform your test at a level of cadence that you do not typically use then I doubt you will PB your FTP test.
  7. ⭐ So look through your stats. Look at your normal cadence but also look at your normal race-day cadence. Then look at your normal cadence levels when you are producing the kind of watts that you plan for this test. Look for a 20-minute cadence you’ve previously achieved. You will probably find that your race-day/test-day cadence is higher than your typical training cadence and that your FTP-cadence is somewhere in between. Those probably should NOT be different and probably reflect that much of your training has been at a slightly too-low level of cadence. We can’t fix that now but for your test, you might want to target your normal FTP-cadence or somewhere slightly higher than your normal cadence but below previous race/test day levels (in my experience).
  8. ⭐❌ I’m really pushing Xert today! They also have an ‘optimal cadence’ tool which is a free CIQ app. I’ve never used it for an FTP test though. I’m assuming it looks at your historical power/cadence relationship and, sort of, does the things automatically that I have been suggesting in the last few points.
  9. ⭐❌ Give some consideration to the type of cyclist you are and the type of physiology you might have. If you are a strong/muscled cyclist then you might be able to better tolerate a lower cadence than a spinner like me. Apparently, lower cadences favour muscle strength and higher cadences favour stronger heart/CV people. I’ve read advice from people to target super-low cadences like 55-65 rpm, that just would NEVER work for 20 minutes for someone like me. We are all different, and that’s why I say you should better understand your normal cadence ranges.
  10. ⭐❌❌ Pedal ‘correctly’, with the ‘correct technique’. This will be impossible to change in less than a week but it might help spread the load to other muscle groups for short periods eg. You could try de-weighting the rising foot,  or you could aim for the heel down as you push. You might be able to do those in an FTP-test scenario for only 30 or 60 seconds if you have not trained yourself to do them.
  11. ⭐⭐⭐ Sprint the last minute – that will only make a watt or two’s difference to the average. But, I mean faster than last time! And those seconds do count. Try and sprint with 2 minutes to go and when you feel your legs going just hold off (slow down slightly) for 5-10 seconds and then sprint again all the way to the finish.
  12. ⭐ If you are aiming for 260w and you can manage 300w for the last minute then you might want to re-evaluate your target next time, you should have been aiming for at least a constant 263w probably more like 265w.
  13. ⭐ Smile every minute, it will relax you. Can’t hurt?
  14. ⭐ Pinch yourself hard before that final sprint or when the going gets tough. (I don’t think this will work but causing a bit of pain might give you a quick adrenaline rush) Only use this for the sprint, apparently extreme amounts of pain prior to competing in other events can give boosts because of raised blood pressure from the pain. One pinch can’t hurt tho, right?
  15. ⭐ Slow down at the start and don’t get too excited especially if you don’t have a constant resistance/power level setting. When you get going you are burning the super easy-to-obtain energy from within your muscles. It only lasts 10s of seconds.
  16. ⭐⭐ If you’ve heard people talking about ‘digging deep’ and learning how to do that in a cycling/racing sense you might have thought what you heard was a “load of tosh“. Well, it wasn’t! If you’ve dug deep and held on then you will know what I mean. You have to learn to do this to keep that FTP Test Result trending ever higher.

Choose your environment wisely

  1. ⭐⭐ Use the same machine in a familiar environment. If you use a Watt Bike in the gym, use the exact one you always use.
  2. ⭐⭐⭐ Try to ensure an ambient temperature of 16-20 Celsius, maybe slightly cooler. 16 degrees is probably the highest optimal temperature but a slightly warmer temperature might translate to an effectively lower temperate including the wind chill of your fan, so that’s why I said 20 degrees might be alright.
  3. ⭐⭐ Allow plenty of time to make sure all your gadgets work and that you can perform a warmup and the test itself ‘calmly’.

Normal Nutrition & Extra Supplementation

I assume you eat properly all the time. If you do then there’s not so much you need to do with your normal ‘food’ for the week before your FTP Test. ‘Carb-loading’ will make just about zero difference to you as you have all the energy you need for up to half an hour of warming up and FTP fun. The benefits here come from damage limitation from what you eat and then special things which could boost your physiology in some way.

Q: Is this snake oil?

A: Some of it probably is. (Here is what multiple scientists think)

You will find people like me who swear by beetroot juice and claim that it makes me faster. But how do I know that it is the beetroot juice or tapering that has made me faster on race day?

There is a lot of science behind performance supplementation but a general problem with the whole food and supplement industry is that some science is paid for by the manufacturer and, surprise, surprise it finds the ‘right’ result.

Luckily enough, most of this ‘can’t hurt’. In the sense that it can’t hurt your performance but might hurt your wallet 😉

  1. ⭐⭐⭐ Avoid any large meal for at least 3 hours before your test. You will almost certainly have enough energy in your muscles and liver for your short test. If you have eaten a recent meal then you might experience discomfort and you might have blood moving to your digestive tract to digest food rather than carrying oxygen to your muscles. Counter that by eating what you know you need to eat to avoid feeling/being sick. I might have a High 5 Energy Gel with Caffeine or an isotonic drink and a banana. Studies have shown that a theoretically unnecessary carb sports drink does psychologically help.
  2. ⭐❌❌ Don’t drink too much. To be clear you must be sufficiently hydrated but you don’t want litres of excess liquid in your stomach sloshing around and giving you discomfort. You are PROPERLY hydrated from yesterday and from the week prior to that, right? 500ml tops if you need something. Although if you feel thirsty you should DEFINITELY have something. Sip as you ride if you want to.
  3. ⭐⭐⭐ Drink coffee (caffeine). It is a legal sporting stimulant that used to be banned for serious competition. Go figure! If you weigh 68 kg you require 2-5 mg caffeine per kg body weight for a 2-hour event (sorry no figures for an FTP test). You take 136-300 mg once, an hour before testing. One espresso is about 100mg IF you are lucky ie probably NOT enough. Caffeine has as many PROVEN benefits as all the illegal stimulants you may or may not have heard of BUT the effects and side-effects of caffeine are known, understood and legal. Other caffeine-taking protocols will have you taking, say, 200mg of caffeine 5 mins before a race – ignore them and do what I say. Also look at the High5 energy sachets, for example, or their excellent race-nutrition website which, funnily enough, recommends their products. Also, bear in mind that TOO MUCH caffeine has no positive benefit and MAY stop lactate from being flushed from the system...you *REALLY* do NOT want that to happen in an FTP test, follow the guidelines above. Caffeine has a ‘half-life’ and wears off after a couple of hours, so bear that in mind if you have your caffeine more than an hour before your test and if you have a very long warm-up for the test. Personally, I would take 300mg 1 hour before the test and I would take a supermarket’s own-brand version of PROPLUS – that’s 6 (six!) tablets. Also, I have 1-2 coffees a day and I would not change that consumption pattern at all leading up to a test or race, you do NOT have to abstain from caffeine leading up to an event. (Link: caffeine science)
  4. ⭐⭐ Beetroot juice (source of nitrates). Take 0.5l of beetroot juice containing approx 6.2 mmol of nitrate 2.5 hours before you start. Bike tests show this boosts power by nearly 3%. That’s rather a lot, but is it true? 😉 I think it’s true, others do not.
  5. ⭐⭐ CurraNZ Concentrated blackcurrant tablets. If Beet-it works for you then so might these – either instead of or complementary. Take 2 a day all week before a test or race, otherwise, take one a day throughout the year.
  6. ⭐Rhodiola extract may help lower lactate levels. I’ve not tried this. You can buy it in Holland & Barret – let me know your experience below if you have tried it, please.
  7. ⭐Try Ginger. It helps reduce the stomach distress you may have caused yourself by taking too many supplements 😉
  8. ⭐⭐ If you plan on doing a test in the morning then PROPERLY go to the toilet the night before and especially also in the morning. Get it all out. Coffee and routine will help.
  9. ⭐⭐ Don’t eat (too much) protein the day before – protein is hard to digest (eggs are not so bad). Basically, you want to consume digestible things that replenish your muscles and hydrate you AND that you are able to fully pass out of your body before your test.
  10. ⭐⭐❌❌ Carbs or isotonic drinks take about 30 minutes to work. So they won’t help an FTP test too much unless consumed 10-20 minutes before the start!
  11. curranz
    Love & Marriage :: CURRANZ & BEET
  13. ⭐❌ ‘Special’ carb drinks are from Maurten and SiS with their Rocket/Beta Fuel which looks at minimising GID and maximising carb absorption….again, this shouldn’t be an issue for you for an FTP test.
  14. ⭐ A tool like Supersapiens can measure the glucose/fuel in your body and is available for use. They have a concept of a glucose performance zone and you definitely want to be in that for your test. You should find whilst testing it that one glucose/fructose gel takes 20-25 minutes to work and that it is sufficient to maintain a level for the 20-minute component of your test
  15. ⭐❌❌Caffeine chewing gum is apparently chewed by Premier League footballers at halftime during matches. This is because the caffeine is more readily absorbed in the mouth in a matter of minutes. So if you don’t have time beforehand to properly take on board caffeine then this MIGHT be a good substitute (IDK).
  16. ⭐ The smell of peppermint might help. don’t ask!! Just have a polo mint or two, it can’t hurt! we all like polo mints.
  17. ⭐⭐ Ensuring you are stocked up on these essential supplements/vitamins throughout the week might help; magnesium, iron, vitamins D, B and B12. They are all involved in energy production. You might find that athletes need more than the RDA of many vitamins, I generally take good quality multivitamins on a ‘just-in-case’ basis. However some vitamins, like VitA, I believe can accumulate in the liver if you take too much of them and you do NOT want that to happen.
  18. ⭐⭐ Following on from the previous point if you get cramps then it could be due to deficiencies. You might want to try MAGNESIUM OIL SPRAY. It’s really cheap. *IF* that stops your cramps then that is a sign that you are magnesium deficient. Whilst that directly shouldn’t impact a short, maximal test, it implies something is amiss in the energy production going on in your muscles. Again…it won’t hurt, FWIW I use this but mostly for longer races.
  19. ⭐❌ Minor pain relief on the day. If you have a niggling minor injury perhaps in your knee or ankle, then that pain might put you off trying as hard as you might. A mild painkiller might help. You should use paracetamol and not aspirin and not ibuprofen (honest!). Only afterwards take Ibruprofen to reduce inflammation.
  20. ⭐⭐⭐❌ So I’m told, Sodium Phosphate and Bicarbonate of soda help as their alkalinity offsets lactate acidity enabling you to push harder for longer. Individually I think they might have worked for me in running races but I have not tried them together and not for bike races or tests. The Hammer Race Day Boost product recommends a 5-day loading strategy whereas simple kitchen baking powder (sodium bicarbonate) can be taken a couple of hours before the race. Warning: You might be sick and you might suddenly develop unusual toilet-related needs.
  21. Sodium Tribasic Phosphate⭐⭐❌ Use the week prior to the race to increase blood plasma volumes. Why? More blood=better temp regulation=faster. How? Just drinking water may NOT be as good as using electrolyte/isotonic drinks which INCREASE absorption AND increase blood plasma volumes. This takes a day or so to achieve rather than a few hours. So plan ahead. Many suppliers of electrolytes offer these: eg H2PRO, High5, OSMO Nutrition and others. Milk is good at rehydration (and protein provision)
  22. ❌ Lose weight. That’s not going to increase your power output but it might increase your w/kg. If you try to lose too much weight in less than a week you will probably lose either water or muscle so I’m not sure it would really help in any case!!
  23. HVMN Ketone supplementation is a newly available endurance fuel. It’s an FDA Generally Regarded as Safe naturally occurring product that is WADA approved. Essentially Ketone supplementation gives you easier to access energy when you metabolise fat at high effort levels. You WILL still be using some fat as a fuel source for your FTP test, so this might help. However, the manufacturers are targeting it for > 1-hour races. For sure, it will NOT make you slower. [ google: beta-hydroxybutyrate (βHB) or acetoacetate (AcAc) or exogenous ketone]
  24. ⭐ A similar product to HVMN Ketone is KE4, again not yet available in the EU.
  25. ⭐⭐ AVAILABLE IN THE UK: Look for the powder and bars containing C8 MCT at the ketostore. I use this for longer rides and it seems to stabilise my energy reserve and stop me from bonking, I don’t think it makes me faster per see. I’ll probably add this to my 2021 race day HIM supplementation….not to FTP tests/
  26. ⭐ Maybe try Raspberry Ketones (hmmm, maybe not) they are some sort of fat-burning diet thing. I did once try some of my partner’s tablets and on that one occasion, I did feel like I had a bit more energy. Take that as scientific proof if you like! Seriously though I might investigate their use a bit more as they are cheap compared to the HVMN/KE4/C8 type ketones although my understanding is that the science says “Nah”.
  27. ⭐⭐⭐ A specialist Pre-workout supplement like Cellulor C4 Original contains caffeine, alanine and creatine each of which should work. Check the ingredients. The last time I bought this I bought a subtly different version that didn’t have creatine and ended up having to buy an extra tub of that.
  28. ⭐⭐⭐ Creatine works. Definitely use it for an FTP test.
  29. ❌❌❌ Drink alcohol the night before, have no water and have lots of red meat.  You might need that beetroot juice as that is a Vaso-dilator and that could counter the effects of your red wine which is a vaso-constrictor. hmmm.

HVMN Ketone Review betahydroxybutyrate ketone ester


  1. ⭐ Shave. Especially for men: shave or clip your torso hair, this might help your core stay cool just that little bit longer. Then there’s always the legs so you can pretend you are a real cyclist.
  2. ⭐⭐⭐ Positive mental attitude. You ARE going to do it. People underestimate the psychological side of getting a PB. I reckon there is 5-10w to be gained from the right attitude.
  3. ⭐ Lucky charm. Hmmm.
  4. ⭐ Watch your favourite GoT episode (or choose your favourite box set). Hmmm.
  5. ⭐ Using music with a beat that matches your cadence might help. Hmmm.
  6. ⭐Train at altitude (or buy your own oxygen tent). About 7,000ft above sea level should do it! Ideally, you will be **living** at altitude but training at a lower altitude! Maybe that won’t make much difference this week 😉
  7. ⭐ Write a key message on the back of your hand or stick it to. Read it and stick to it, even when you feel awful towards the end of the test.
  8. ⭐Just try a few of these tips at a time. Maybe just one. Not all of them! How do you really know if it was one specific thing that you changed that helped or was it several things?

Me? Oh, go on then: I’d have a day off beforehand, have a beetroot juice, creatine, a gel and some caffeine, warm up and I’d crank up the fan to 11. Yes, you need a fan with that setting or you will fail.

If any of those helped or if you have any further off-the-wall suggestions, please comment below.

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